• Crispus Attucks was born circa 1723.
  • His father, Prince, was from Africa and brought as a slave to America.
  • His mother, Nancy, was a slave of Indian descent.
  • Attucks was raised as a slave in Colonel Buckminster farm.
  • He was sold to Deacon William Brown when he was 16 years old.
  • He was 6 feet 2 inches tall.
  • Deacon William Brown published a first notice in The Boston Gazette and Country Journal on Tuesday, October 2, 1750 offering a reward of £10 for his return.
  • A second and a third notice dated November 13 and November 20, 1750 appeared in the Boston Gazette and Country Journal also offering a detailed description of Attucks and a reward for his return.
  • He worked in a whaler for about 10 years.
  • He worked as a sea merchant for the next 10 years and as a rope maker between sailings.
  • Citizens were angry at the soldiers’ occupation of Boston and altercations were common occurrence leading up to the Boston Massacre.
  • The Boston Massacre was the killing of five civilians on the night of March 5, 1770.
  • John Adams became the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801.
  • The jury acquitted six of the soldiers on all charges; William Wemms, William M’Cauley, Hugh White, William Warren, John Carrol and James Hartegan were found not guilty. Hugh Montgomery and Matthew Killroy were found not guilty of murder but guilty of manslaughter.
  • British soldiers retreated to Castle Williams.
  • Abolitionists in 1858 declared a “Crispus Attucks Day”.
  • In 1888 a monument to the victims of the Boston Massacre was erected in Boston Common. The monument was opposed by some members of the Massachusetts Historical Society and many city officials arguing about its appropriateness, historical distortion and political opportunism.
  • There were some 5,000 black patriots who fought for freedom.


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